Persian Gulf or Arabian Gulf

Congratulations! Google Maps has recently added the term "Persian Gulf" on it's maps!

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What do you think is the right name for the gulf ?
Arabian Gulf الخليج العربي
Persian Gulf خليج فارس

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What do you think is the right name for the gulf ?
Persian Gulf خليج فارس - 51.5%
Arabian Gulf الخليج العربي - 48.5%
  Total votes: 42914171
 
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Why Persian Gulf? Why Arabian Gulf?
  • Used in most of the maps from long time ago so there is no need to change the name. It has been and will always remain the Persian Gulf
  • Used by United Nations in their documents
  • It's a historical name
  • On almost all maps printed before 1960, and in most modern international treaties, documents and maps, this body of water is known as the "Persian Gulf".
  • Arabian gulf means the Red Sea so the "Arabian gulf" name may create confusion with the Red sea so it's better to use the name Persian gulf
  • If the Arabian Gulf gets it's name from the fact that more Arab countries are surrounding it, then India Ocean should also change its name because India has a smaller border with it than other countries.
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  • Used by the Arab League
  • Used by United Nations in their Arabic documents and Arabic Language is an official language in the United Nations
  • The name "Persian gulf" is linked to the Persian empire that does not exist any more. As Mediterranean sea used to be called Roman Sea
  • Iran does not mean Persia, Iranian people consist of Persians, Arabs, Azeri, Turkmen, Kurds, Gilakis, Mazandaranis, Lurs, and Baluchis
  • The people who live around the gulf are mostly Arabs so by demography it should be called Arabian Gulf
  • There are 6 Arabic countries around the gulf but Iran is alone and 70% of the coast line is under Arabic countries
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General Info

Geography: Countries with a coastline on the Gulf consist of - Iran to the north, Part of Oman to the east, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar to the south, Saudi Arabia to the southwest, and Kuwait and Iraq to the northwest. Various small islands also lie within the Gulf.

Location: One of the most critical bodies of water, is positioned in the heart of the Middle East. Located in southwestern Asia, it separates the Arabian Peninsula from Iran (formerly called Persia). It connects with the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea through the Strait of Hormuz, which is 48 to 96 Km wide. Its coastal areas are the world's largest single source of crude oil. Therefore powerful naval forces from several countries remain in its waters to protect the flow of oil to the rest of the world, especially considering that the it supplies most of the world's energy needs.

  • Surface area = 92,500 square miles = 240,000 square kilometers
  • It extends 615 miles (990 kilometers) from northwest to southeast.
  • Width ranges from 35 miles (56 kilometers) in the southeast to a maximum of 210 miles (338 kilometers).

Oil: The Gulf and its coastal areas are the world's largest single source of crude oil, and related industries dominate the region. Safaniya Oil Field, the world's largest offshore oilfield, is located in the Gulf. Large gas finds have also been made, with Qatar and Iran sharing a giant field across the territorial median line (North Field in the Qatari sector; South Pars Field in the Iranian sector). Using this gas, Qatar has built up a substantial liquified natural gas (LNG) and petrochemical industry.

Islands: It is also home to many small islands. Bahrain an island in the Gulf, is itself an Arab state. Geographically the biggest island in the Gulf is Qeshm island located in the Strait of Hormuz and belonging to Iran. Other significant islands include Greater Tunb, Lesser Tunb and Kish administered by Iran, Bubiyan administered by Kuwait, Tarout administered by Saudi Arabia, and Dalma administered by UAE.

Coast: Eight nations have coasts along the gulf: Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. The gulf's strategic location has made it an ideal place for human development over time. Today, many major cities of the Middle East are located in this region.

Wildlife: The wildlife of the Gulf is diverse, and entirely unique due to the gulf's geographic distribution and its isolation from the international waters only breached by the narrow Strait of Hormuz. It has hosted some of the most magnificent marine fauna and flora, some of which are near extinction or at serious environmental risk. From corals, to dugongs, the Gulf is a diverse cradle for many species who depend on each other for survival.

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